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Academic Appointments

University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
Associate Professor of Political Science and Peace Studies, July 2013-present

Columbia University, New York, NY
Associate Professor of Political Science, July 2009-June 2013
Assistant Professor of Political Science, July 2002-June 2009

John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Cambridge, MA
National Security Postdoctoral Fellow, August 2001-June 2002

Education

Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
Ph.D. in Political Science received September 2001

Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
A.B. magna cum laude received in Social Studies, June 1994

Publications

Book

2007. State Death: The Politics and Geography of Conquest, Annexation, and Occupation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Winner of the 2008 Best Book Award, Conflict Processes Section, American Political Science Association.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

2016. “An Occult of Irrelevance? Multi-Method Research and Engagement with the Policy World.” Security Studies. 25:1, pp. 34-41. Featured in The Washington Post.

2015. “A Particular Difference: European Identity and Civilian Targeting.” British Journal of Political Science. 45:1, pp. 829-51. With Brooke C. Greene.

2014. “Dead Wrong? Battle Deaths, Military Medicine, and Exaggerated Reports of War's Demise.” International Security. 39:1, pp. 95-125. Featured in El País (Spain's leading daily), The New Republic and The Dish.

2014. “Membership Has its Privileges: The Changing Benefits of Statehood.” International Studies Review. 16:1, pp. 79-106. With Ryan D. Griffiths.

2013. “The Demise of Peace Treaties in Interstate War.” International Organization. 67:4, pp. 695-724. Featured in Slate.

2012. “Why States No Longer Declare War.” Security Studies. 21:4, pp. 557-93. Featured in The Atlantic.

2004. “State Death in the International System.” International Organization. 58:2, pp. 311-44. Reprinted in Handler, Scott, ed. 2012. International Politics: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Washington, DC: CQ Press. Featured in USA Today.

Chapters in Peer-Reviewed Edited Volumes

2013. “Why Are Failed States’ Borders Stable Against External Predation?” In Beck, Robert J., ed. Law and Disciplinarity: Thinking Beyond Borders. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Book Reviews

2015. Review of Organizational Progeny: Why Governments are Losing Control over the Proliferating Structures of Global Governance by Tana Johnson (Oxford University Press, 2014). International Politics Reviews. 3:2, pp. 61-72.

2014. Review of A Scrap of Paper: Breaking and Making International Law During the Great War by Isobel V. Hull (Cornell University Press, 2014). Political Science Quarterly. 129:4, pp. 751-52.

2012. Review of The Arc of War: Originals, Escalation, and Transformation by Jack S. Levy and William R. Thompson (The University of Chicago Press, 2011). Perspectives of Politics. 10:2, pp. 458-59.

2006. Review of Producing Security: Multinational Corporations, Globalization, and the Changing Calculus of Conflict by Stephen G. Brooks (Princeton University Press, 2005). Political Science Quarterly. 121:2, pp. 329-30.

Other Publications

2014. "Nonfatal Casualties and the Changing Costs of War." Policy Brief, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, November 2014.

2014. “The Fall and Rise of Peace Treaties.” AJIL Unbound. May 1, 2014.

2008. “A State of One’s Own: The Rise of Secession Since World War II.” Brown Journal of World Affairs. 15:1, pp. 199-209. With Ryan D. Griffiths.

Work in Progress

Wars of Law: Unintended Consequences in the Regulation of Armed Conflict. Book Manuscript.

“Rebels and Landmines: When and Why do Rebel Groups Commit to Adhere to International Humanitarian Law?” With Margarita Konaev.

“Rebellion, War Aims, and the Laws of War.” Commissioned for a special double issue of Daedalus on New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology, and War.

“Life and Limb: New Estimates of Casualty Aversion in the US.”

“Islamic Humanitarian Law and Islamic Insurgent Groups.” With Emilia Powell.

“Interstate War Initiation and Termination (WIT), 1816-2000.” With Page Fortna, Jessica Stanton, and Alex Weisiger.

“Guerrillas in the Mist: The Use and Misuse of Insurgency in Civil War.” With Page Fortna.

“Maybe I Did(n’t): Cyber Attacks and the Logic of Non-Denial Denials.” With Joseph Brown.

Data Sets

Revisions to the Correlates of War List of Members of the Interstate System

War Initiation and Termination (WIT) (with Page Fortna)

Civil War Initiation and Termination (C-WIT) (with Page Fortna)

Grants

External

$40,000 grant for project on “Military Medicine and the Changing Costs of War”
Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation
July 1, 2017-June 30, 2018

$346,684 grant for project on “Strategies of Violence, Tools of Peace, and Changes in War Termination” (with Page Fortna)
National Science Foundation
September 15, 2009-August 31, 2012

$349,000 grant for project on “States at Risk: Then and Now” (with Page Fortna)
The Carnegie Corporation
January 1, 2009-August 31, 2012

$1,075 Moody Grant to conduct archival research at the Johnson Presidential Library
The Lyndon Baines Johnson Foundation
October 1, 2004-March 31, 2005

$100,000 grant for project on “US Role in Changing Norms of War”
The Ford Foundation
August 1, 2004-January 31, 2006

$156,200 grant for project on “The New US Imperialism” (with Kimberly Marten, Page Fortna, and Alexander Cooley)
The Carnegie Corporation
May 2003-May 2005

Internal

$8,000 Large Henkels Grant for the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society
Institute for Social and Liberal Arts, University of Notre Dame
November 2015-present

$5,000 Kroc Institute Research Grant for “The Changing Costs of War”
Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame
May 2015-present

$5,133 Large Social Science Research Grant for “The Laws of War in Civil Conflict”
Institute for Social and Liberal Arts, University of Notre Dame
March 27, 2015-present

$2,175 Small Research and Creative Work Grant for “The Wounds of War”
Institute for Social and Liberal Arts, University of Notre Dame
December 16, 2013-present

$2,030 Teaching Beyond the Classroom Grant for “The Conduct and Conclusion of Civil War”
College of Arts and Letters, University of Notre Dame
For Spring Term 2014

$5,000 seed grant for project on “Indian Foreign Policy and Compliance with Jus in Bello”
Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University

$3,000 MacDonald Summer Fellowship to collect data on historical civil wars
Columbia University
May 2008-May 2009

$9,787 seed grant for project on “The Changing Meaning of War” (with Page Fortna)
Institute for Social and Economic Policy and Research, Columbia University
June 2004-December 2005

$3,000 Council Grant for project on “Violating the Norm Against Conquest”
Columbia University
Summer 2003

Project on “Colonialism, Terrain, and Sovereignty” selected for support
Earth Institute Research Assistant Program, Columbia University
Spring 2003

Grant to found and support the Columbia University International Politics Seminar (CUIPS) (with Page Fortna and Erik Gartzke)
Institute for Social and Economic Policy and Research, Columbia University
Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University
Annual grants, September 2002-May 2013

Fellowships, Honors, and Awards

National and International

Modern War Institute Adjunct Scholar
United States Military Academy, West Point, April 2016-March 2017

2008 Best Book Award, Conflict Processes Section, American Political Science Association

Helen Dwight Reid Award of the American Political Science Association for the Best Dissertation in International Relations, Law and Politics submitted in 2001 or 2002 

Center for International Security and Cooperation Pre-doctoral Fellow
Stanford University, October 1999-June 2000

National Science Foundation Graduate Fellow in International Relations

American Political Science Association Graduate Minority Fellow

Ford Foundation Honorable Mention Graduate Minority Fellow

University

Faculty Affiliate
Center for Civil and Human Rights, University of Notre Dame

2011 Graduate Student Advising Award
Columbia University Political Science Graduate Students Association

Faculty Fellow
Institute for Social and Economic Policy and Research, Columbia University

MacArthur Consortium in International Peace and Cooperation Pre-doctoral Fellow
Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University

Affiliate, MacArthur Consortium in International Peace and Cooperation
Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University

Conference and Seminar Presentations

“Rebels and Landmines: When and Why do Rebel Groups Commit to Adhere to International Humanitarian Law?” (with Margarita Konaev)

2016 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
Regional Colloquium on International Law, University of Notre Dame (March 2016)
Conference on The Laws of War as an International Regime, Princeton University (October 2015)

“Maybe I Did(n’t): Cyber Attacks and the Logic of non-Denial Denials” (with Joseph Brown)

2016 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“Life and Limb: New Estimates of Casualty Aversion in the US”

International Relations Colloquium, Yale University (March 2016)
Program on International Security and Policy, the University of Chicago (February 2016)
2015 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Rebellion, War Aims, and the Laws of War”

Conference on New Dilemmas in War, Ethics, and Technology, United States Military Academy (West Point) (November 2015)

“International Law and the Changing Face of Conflict”

International Relations and Security Network Seminar, ETH Zurich (May 2015)

“The Secessionists' Dilemma” (with Erica Chenoweth)

2014 Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society

“The Strategy of Declaring Independence”

2014 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“The Reports of War’s Death Have Been Somewhat Exaggerated”

2014 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
Security Studies Seminar, Buffett Center at Northwestern University (November 2013)
2013 Annual Meeting of the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association

“An Occult of Irrelevance? Multi-Method Research and Engagement with the Policy World”

Symposium on History, Method, and the Future of Security Studies, Miller Center, University of Virginia (September 2013)

“Secessionism and Civilian Targeting”

CISAC Social Science Seminar, Stanford University (January 2015)
Peace Research and Education Seminar, Kroc Institute, University of Notre Dame (November 2013)
International Relations Colloquium, University of Washington at Seattle (October 2013)
2013 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association
International Relations Colloquium, University of Wisconsin at Madison (April 2013)
International Relations Colloquium, School of Oriental and Asian Studies (February 2013)

“Guerrillas in the Mist: The Use and Misuse of Insurgency in Civil War” (with Page Fortna)

2013 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
2012 Peace Science Association Annual Meeting

“Membership Has its Privileges: The Changing Benefits of Statehood” (with Ryan Griffiths)

2011 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association
2010 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“The Demise of Peace Treaties in Interstate War”

2011 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association
2009 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Declaring War and Peace”

Bennett Lecture Series, University of Connecticut (March 2013)
Lyndon B. Johnson School, University of Texas at Austin (March 2012)
Columbia University International Politics Seminar (October 2011)
International Relations Colloquium, Princeton University (November 2010)
Browne Center International Relations Speaker Series, University of Pennsylvania (November 2009)
Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies Seminar, Cornell University (October 2009)
2008 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“A Particular Difference: European Identity and Compliance with Jus in Bello” (with Brooke Greene)

2009 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“Why Are Boundaries of Failed States Stable Against External Predation?”

2008 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association
2008 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“The US and Informal War”

2007 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Interstate War Initiation and Termination (WIT), 1816-2000.” (with Page Fortna, Jessica Stanton, and Alex Weisiger)

2006 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“The Informalization of Interstate War”

Political Science Department Work in Progress Seminar, MIT (September 2008)
Quantitative Methods in the Social Sciences Seminar, Columbia University (April 2008)
2006 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
2006 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association
2005 Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society

“From Conquest to Intervention: State, Regime, and Leader Exit”

Center for International History, Columbia University (December 2005)
International Relations Workshop, Princeton University (November 2005)
2005 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
2004 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Tiring Hands and Diverted Rivalry: The Survival of the Persian Buffer State”

Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University (January 2004)

“Violating the Norm Against Conquest: The Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait”

Junior Faculty Workshop on Intervention, Georgetown University (October 2003)2003 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Rocks and Hard Places: Why Only Some States Fight for Survival”

International Relations Workshop, Dartmouth University (April 2005)
International Relations Speaker Series, Rutgers University (November 2004)
2002 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Stuck in the Middle: To Live and Die in a Buffer State”

2002 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“State Exit from the International System”

Colloquium on International Relations and Law, University of Virginia Law School (April 2003)
Program on International Security and Policy, University of Chicago (October 2001)

 “The Origins and Implications of the Territorial Sovereignty Norm”

2001 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association
2001 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“Born to Lose and Doomed to Survive: State Death and Survival in the International System”

2000 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“When and Why do States Die?”

Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University (June 2000)

“Recycled States: Death and Resurrection in the International System”

2000 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association

“When States Die: Alliances, Legitimacy, and Selection”

2000 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“When is a State a State? Revising the Correlates of War List of Members of the Interstate System”

1999 Annual Meeting of the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association

“Survival of the Weakest? State Selection in the International System”

1999 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“War as a Selection Mechanism of States, Regimes, and Leaders” (with Scott Sagan)

Workshop on Evolutionary Perspectives on International Relations Theory, Indiana University (December 1998)
Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University (November 1998)

“Rethinking the Japan-America Security Agreement: A Strategic Model of Alliance Burden Distribution”

Stanford Graduate Conference on Japanese Studies (November 1997)

Invited Workshops and Institutes

Regional Colloquium on International Law
University of Notre Dame, March 2016

New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology, and War
American Academy of Arts and Sciences and United States Military Academy (West Point), November 2015

The Laws of War as an International Regime
Princeton University, October 2015

Author's Workshop for Working Group on New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology, and War
American Academy of Arts and Sciences and Stanford University, July 2015

New Directions in the Study of Territory and Political Violence
University of Tennessee, June 2015

Journeys in World Politics (Senior Mentor)
University of Iowa, March 2015

Asymmetric Warfare and the Law of Armed Conflict
Columbia Law School, January 2015

Workshop on New Data on Non-State Actors
Peace Science Society, October 2014

Book Conference for The Peace Puzzle: Explaining the Rise of Peace in the International System by Gary Goertz, Paul Diehl, and Alexandru Balas
Peace Science Society, October 2014

Book Conference for A Farewell to Arms? by Sarah Daly
University of Notre Dame, March 2014

Book Conference for Compliant Rebels by Hyeran Jo
Texas A&M University, December 2013

History, Method, and the Future of Security Studies
Miller Center, University of Virginia, September 2013

Local Powerbrokers Workshop
Columbia University, Harriman Institute, February 2013

Inter-American Defense College Speaker
Columbia University, Institute for Latin American Studies, September 2012

Academic Exchange Mission to Israel
Yitzhak Rabin Center, Tel Aviv, July 2012

International Policy Summer Institute
American University, June 2012

National Intelligence Council Conference to vet Global Trends 2025 Report
Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs, Texas A&M University, November 2008

International Relations Colloquium
Cornell University, April 2005

Fellows’ Retreat Alumna Speaker
Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, September 2003

How to Build a State
Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, May 2003

Cartography and Geography
Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, April 2002

New Faces in International Security
Triangle Institute for Security Studies, September 2000

Summer Workshop on Analysis of Military Operations and Strategy
Sponsored by the Institute for War and Peace Studies, Columbia University, July 1998

MacArthur Consortium Summer Workshop: Sovereignty and Globalization, June 1998

Women in International Security Summer Institute, June 1998

Conferences Organized

Book Conference for Wars of Law
October 2014

The Challenges of New Statehood
October 2012

Civil War Data
May 2009 (co-organized with Page Fortna)

The United States and the Laws of War
June 2006

Sovereignty and the New U.S. Imperialism
October 2005 (co-organized with Alexander Cooley, Page Fortna, and Kimberly Marten)                                               

Outreach

When it Comes to Drones, do Americans Really Care about International Law?” Open Democracy’s Open Global Rights. September 2, 2015.

The Decline of War?” International Relations and Security Network (ISN). May 8, 2015

Is the Islamic State a Secessionist Movement?” International Relations and Security Network (ISN). February 20, 2015.

Civil War and Ebola.” International Relations and Security Network (ISN). November 18, 2014.

Is War in Decline?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. November 4, 2014.

In Light of Scottish Referendum, What Future for Frustrated Secessionists?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. September 30, 2014. With Ryan Griffiths.

The US Won’t Declare War on ISIS.” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 16, 2014.

The Reports of War’s Demise Have Been Somewhat Exaggerated.” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 8, 2014.

The Reports of War’s Demise Have Been Exaggerated.” The Monkey Cage. September 4, 2014.

Why is Statehood So Popular?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. June 27, 2014. With Ryan Griffiths.

The VA Scandal: One Hypothesis.” Political Violence @ a Glance. June 6, 2014.

The World’s Newest War in the World’s Newest State.” Political Violence @ a Glance. January 6, 2014.

Where Have All the Peace Treaties Gone?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. November 14, 2013.

What Would Happen if the US Declared War?” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 6, 2013.

The Long Road to Statehood.” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 11, 2012.

Atop the Sovereignty Bubble.” Political Violence at a Glance. August 14, 2012. With Bridget Coggins and Ryan Griffiths.

No More Cups of Tea: Terrorism Research and the Law.” The Monkey Cage. August 1, 2012. With Jessica Martini.

Professional Service

Steering Committee, New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology and War, American Academy of Arts & Sciences

Program Division Co-Chair, 2014 Annual Meeting, International Security Section of the American Political Science Association

Award Committee Member, International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association Best Graduate Paper (2013)

Minority Fellowship Alumna Mentor, American Political Science Association

Contributing Blogger, Political Violence @ a Glance

Referee for American Political Science Review, British Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Comparative Political Studies, Conflict Management and Peace Science, Cornell University Press, European Journal of International Relations, International Interactions, International Organization, International Political Science Review, International Relations, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Journal of Politics, National Science Foundation, Oxford University Press, Review of International Political Economy, Review of International Studies, Security Studies, Terrorism and Political Violence, and World Politics.

Professional Memberships 

American Political Science Association

International Studies Association

Peace Science Society

Council on Foreign Relations Term Member (2003-2009)

Women in International Security

Women in Conflict Studies

Departmental and University Service

University of Notre Dame

Associate Director, Notre Dame International Security Center (formerly Notre Dame International Security Program) (Fall 2014-present)

Lead Associate Director, AY 2015-2016

International Political Economy Search Committee, Political Science (Fall 2015)

Faculty Convener, Kroc Institute Peace and Conflict Research Group (Fall 2015)

Graduate Policy Committee, Kroc Institute (AY 2015-2016)

Graduate Admissions Committee, Political Science (Spring 2015)

Women in International Security (WIIS) Faculty Advisor (AY 2014-15)

Quantitative Methods Search Committee, Political Science (Fall 2013)

Undergraduate Advisory Committee, Kroc Institute (AY 2013-14)

Columbia University

Admissions Committee (AY 2002-03, 2004-05, 2008-09)

Discussant for Department Mini-APSA (Spring 2003, 2011)

International Relations Search Committee (Fall 2004, Fall 2007)

International Political Economy Search Committee (Fall 2004, Fall 2007)

Dissertation Proposal Review Committee (AY 2004-05, 2005-06)

Committee to Develop Undergraduate Scope & Methods Course (Spring 2008)

Co-founder and organizer of Columbia University International Politics Seminar (CUIPS) (Fall 2002-Spring 2013)

Additional Research and Work Experience

Consultant, United Nations Development Programme, Regional Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, New York, NY, Summer 1995

Co-authored and edited book on Gender Legislation in Latin America. Wrote speeches launching the 1995 Human Development Report in Latin America. Prepared a report on gender and development in Latin America. Edited and translated additional documents in preparation for the Fourth World Conference on Women.

Consultant, Ford Foundation, Latin American and Caribbean Bureau, New York, NY, Summer 1995

Researched and authored a report on government and philanthropic giving to Latin America. This report served guide to topical and regional areas where Ford Foundation giving was most needed.

Consultant, Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress, Center for Peace and Reconciliation
San José, Costa Rica, August 1994-August 1995

Wrote speeches and articles for Dr. Oscar Arias, former president of Costa Rica and 1987 Nobel Peace Laureate. Helped design and organize several of the Center's programs, including demilitarization programs in Panama and Haiti and roundtables on conflict resolution. Traveled to Guatemala and Belize as a member of an Arias Foundation team contracted to evaluate United Nations refugee programs in Central America.