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Academic Appointments

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Associate Professor of Political Science, August 2017–present

University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
Associate Professor of Political Science and Peace Studies, July 2013–May 2017

Columbia University, New York, NY
Associate Professor of Political Science, July 2009–June 2013
Assistant Professor of Political Science, July 2002–June 2009

John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Cambridge, MA
National Security Postdoctoral Fellow, August 2001–June 2002

Education

Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
Ph.D. in Political Science received September 2001

Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
A.B. magna cum laude received in Social Studies, June 1994

Publications

Books

2018. Wars of Law: Unintended Consequences in the Regulation of Armed Conflict. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

2007. State Death: The Politics and Geography of Conquest, Annexation, and Occupation. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Winner of the 2008 Best Book Award, Conflict Processes Section, American Political Science Association.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Forthcoming. “Homelands versus Minelands: When and Why Do Rebel Groups Commit to Adhere to International Humanitarian Law?” Journal of Global Security Studies. With Margarita Konaev.

2016. “An Occult of Irrelevance? Multimethod Research and Engagement with the Policy World.” Security Studies. 25:1, pp. 34–41. Featured in The Washington Post.

2015. “A Particular Difference: European Identity and Civilian Targeting.” British Journal of Political Science. 45:1, pp. 829–51. With Brooke C. Greene.

2014. “Dead Wrong? Battle Deaths, Military Medicine, and Exaggerated Reports of War’s Demise.” International Security. 39:1, pp. 95–125. Featured in El País (Spain’s leading daily), The New Republic and The Dish.

2014. “Membership Has its Privileges: The Changing Benefits of Statehood.” International Studies Review. 16:1, pp. 79–106. With Ryan D. Griffiths.

2013. “The Demise of Peace Treaties in Interstate War.” International Organization. 67:4, pp. 695–724. Featured in Slate.

2012. “Why States No Longer Declare War.” Security Studies. 21:4, pp. 557–93. Featured in The Atlantic.

2004. “State Death in the International System.” International Organization. 58:2, pp. 311–44. Reprinted in Handler, Scott, ed. 2012. International Politics: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Washington, DC: CQ Press. Featured in USA Today.

Chapters in Peer-Reviewed Edited Volumes

2013. “Why Are Failed States’ Borders Stable Against External Predation?” In Beck, Robert J., ed. Law and Disciplinarity: Thinking Beyond Borders. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Book Reviews

2018. Review of A World of Struggle: How Power, Law, and Expertise Shape Global Political Economy by David Kennedy (Princeton University Press, 2016). H-Diplo Roundtable. XIX: 26.

2015. Review of Organizational Progeny: Why Governments are Losing Control over the Proliferating Structures of Global Governance by Tana Johnson (Oxford University Press, 2014). International Politics Reviews. 3:2, pp. 61–72.

2014. Review of A Scrap of Paper: Breaking and Making International Law During the Great War by Isobel V. Hull (Cornell University Press, 2014). Political Science Quarterly. 129:4, pp. 751–52.

2012. Review of The Arc of War: Origins, Escalation, and Transformation by Jack S. Levy and William R. Thompson (The University of Chicago Press, 2011). Perspectives on Politics. 10:2, pp. 458–59.

2006. Review of Producing Security: Multinational Corporations, Globalization, and the Changing Calculus of Conflict by Stephen G. Brooks (Princeton University Press, 2005). Political Science Quarterly. 121:2, pp. 329–30.

Other Publications

2018. “Go Your Own Way: Why Rising Separatism Might Lead to More Conflict.” Foreign Affairs. 97:4, pp. 113–23.

2018. “Religionist Rebels and the Sovereignty of the Divine.” Dædalus. 147:1, pp. 25–35.

2017. “Rebellion, War Aims, and the Laws of War.” Dædalus. 146:1, pp. 1–12.

2014. “Nonfatal Casualties and the Changing Costs of War.” Policy Brief, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, November 2014.

2014. “The Fall and Rise of Peace Treaties.” AJIL Unbound. 108, pp. 46–51.

2008. “A State of One’s Own: The Rise of Secession Since World War II.” Brown Journal of World Affairs. 15:1, pp. 199–209. With Ryan D. Griffiths.

Work in Progress

“Military Medicine and the Hidden Costs of War.” Book manuscript.

“Life and Limb: New Estimates of Casualty Aversion in the US.”

“Islamic Humanitarian Law and Islamic Insurgent Groups.” With Emilia Powell.

“#sorrynotsorry: Cyber Attacks and the Logic of Non-Denial Denials.” With Joseph Brown.

“Naming, Shaming, and the Laws of War: When Does the ICRC Go Public?” With Brooke C. Greene and Minju Kwon.

“The Medicine of Counterinsurgency”

“What is the International Community?”

“Interstate War Initiation and Termination (WIT), 1816-2000.” With Page Fortna, Jessica Stanton, and Alex Weisiger.

“Guerrillas in the Mist: The Use and Misuse of Insurgency in Civil War.” With Page Fortna.

Data Sets

Revisions to the Correlates of War List of Members of the Interstate System

War Initiation and Termination (WIT) (with Page Fortna)

Civil War Initiation and Termination (C-WIT) (with Page Fortna)

Grants

External

$40,000 grant for project on “Military Medicine and the Changing Costs of War” (P.I.)
Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation
August 2, 2017–June 30, 2018

$346,684 grant for project on “Strategies of Violence, Tools of Peace, and Changes in War Termination” (co-P.I. with Page Fortna)
National Science Foundation
September 15, 2009–August 31, 2012

$349,000 grant for project on “States at Risk: Then and Now” (co-P.I. with Page Fortna)
The Carnegie Corporation
January 1, 2009–August 31, 2012

$1,075 Moody Grant to conduct archival research at the Johnson Presidential Library (P.I.)
The Lyndon Baines Johnson Foundation
October 1, 2004–March 31, 2005

$100,000 grant for project on “US Role in Changing Norms of War” (P.I.)
The Ford Foundation
August 1, 2004–January 31, 2006

$156,200 grant for project on “The New US Imperialism” (with Kimberly Marten, Page Fortna, and Alexander Cooley)
The Carnegie Corporation
May 2003–May 2005

Internal

$12,103 Talle Faculty Research Award for “Military Medicine and the Changing Costs of War”
College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota
January 1, 2018–December 31, 2020

$8,000 Large Henkels Grant for the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society
Institute for Social and Liberal Arts, University of Notre Dame
November 2015–October 2016

$5,000 Kroc Institute Research Grant for “The Changing Costs of War”
Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame
May 2015–May 2016

$5,133 Large Social Science Research Grant for “The Laws of War in Civil Conflict”
Institute for Social and Liberal Arts, University of Notre Dame
March 27, 2015–March 2016

$2,175 Small Research and Creative Work Grant for “The Wounds of War”
Institute for Social and Liberal Arts, University of Notre Dame
December 16, 2013–December 2014

$2,030 Teaching Beyond the Classroom Grant for “The Conduct and Conclusion of Civil War”
College of Arts and Letters, University of Notre Dame
For Spring Term 2014

$5,000 seed grant for “Indian Foreign Policy and Compliance with Jus in Bello”
Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University

$3,000 MacDonald Summer Fellowship to collect data on historical civil wars
Columbia University
May 2008–May 2009

$9,787 seed grant for project on “The Changing Meaning of War” (with Page Fortna)
Institute for Social and Economic Policy and Research, Columbia University
June 2004–December 2005

$3,000 Council Grant for project on “Violating the Norm Against Conquest”
Columbia University
Summer 2003

Project on “Colonialism, Terrain, and Sovereignty” selected for support
Earth Institute Research Assistant Program, Columbia University
Spring 2003

Grant to found and support the Columbia University International Politics Seminar (CUIPS) (with Page Fortna and Erik Gartzke)
Institute for Social and Economic Policy and Research, Columbia University
Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University
Annual grants, September 2002–May 2013

Fellowships, Honors, and Awards

National and International

2018 Ignite Award for Online Achievement in International Studies
Online Media Caucus of the International Studies Association

Fellow, “The Living Legacy of the First World War”
Carnegie Council for International Ethics, January 2018–December 2018

2017 Best Non-Student Paper Award, International Law Section, International Studies Association.

Modern War Institute Adjunct Scholar
United States Military Academy, West Point, April 2016–March 2017

2008 Best Book Award, Conflict Processes Section, American Political Science Association

Helen Dwight Reid Award of the American Political Science Association for the Best Dissertation in International Relations, Law and Politics submitted in 2001 or 2002 

Center for International Security and Cooperation Pre-doctoral Fellow
Stanford University, October 1999–June 2000

National Science Foundation Graduate Fellow in International Relations

American Political Science Association Graduate Minority Fellow

Ford Foundation Honorable Mention Graduate Minority Fellow

University

Faculty Affiliate
Center for Civil and Human Rights, University of Notre Dame

2011 Graduate Student Advising Award
Columbia University Political Science Graduate Students Association

Faculty Fellow
Institute for Social and Economic Policy and Research, Columbia University

MacArthur Consortium in International Peace and Cooperation Pre-doctoral Fellow
Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University

Affiliate, MacArthur Consortium in International Peace and Cooperation
Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University

Conference and Seminar Presentations (last 10 years)

“The Medicine of Counterinsurgency”

2018 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“What is the International Community?”

Conference on Statehood, Princeton University (February 2018)

“Religionist Rebels and the Sovereignty of the Divine”

Conference on Civil Wars and International Order, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (November 2016)

“Naming, Shaming, and the Laws of War: When the ICRC Goes Public” (with Brooke C. Greene and Minju Kwon)

2017 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
2016 Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society

“Islamic Humanitarian Law and Islamic Armed Groups” (with Emilia Powell)

International Law Workshop, University of Minnesota (January 2018)
Critical Approaches to International Humanitarian Law, University of Wisconsin, Madison (April 2017)
2017 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
Kroc Institute Peace and Conflict Working Group, University of Notre Dame (October 2016)
Workshop on Rebel Diplomacy, University of California, Santa Barbara (September 2016)
2016 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“Rebels and Landmines: When and Why do Rebel Groups Commit to Adhere to International Humanitarian Law?” (with Margarita Konaev)

Workshop on Rebel Diplomacy, University of California, Santa Barbara (September 2016)
2016 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
Regional Colloquium on International Law, University of Notre Dame (March 2016)
Conference on The Laws of War as an International Regime, Princeton University (October 2015)

“#sorrynotsorry: Cyber Attacks and the Logic of non-Denial Denials” (with Joseph Brown)

2016 Annual Meeting of the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association (November 2016)
2016 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“Life and Limb: New Estimates of Casualty Aversion in the US”

Lansing B. Lee, Jr./Bankard Seminar in Global Politics, University of Virginia (April 2018)
International Security and Conflict Studies Speaker Series, The George Washington University (March 2017)
Monday International Relations and Theory Seminar, University of California, Berkeley (October 2016)
Modern War Institute, United States Military Academy, West Point (August 2016)
International Relations Colloquium, Yale University (March 2016)
Program on International Security and Policy, the University of Chicago (February 2016)
2015 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Rebellion, War Aims, and the Laws of War”

Conference on New Dilemmas in War, Ethics, and Technology, United States Military Academy (West Point) (November 2015)

“International Law and the Changing Face of Conflict”

International Relations and Security Network Seminar, ETH Zurich (May 2015)

“The Secessionists’ Dilemma” (with Erica Chenoweth)

2014 Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society

“The Strategy of Declaring Independence”

2014 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“The Reports of War’s Death Have Been Somewhat Exaggerated”

2014 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
Security Studies Seminar, Buffett Center at Northwestern University (November 2013)
2013 Annual Meeting of the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association

“An Occult of Irrelevance? Multi-Method Research and Engagement with the Policy World”

Symposium on History, Method, and the Future of Security Studies, Miller Center, University of Virginia (September 2013)

“Secessionism and Civilian Targeting”

CISAC Social Science Seminar, Stanford University (January 2015)
Peace Research and Education Seminar, Kroc Institute, University of Notre Dame (November 2013)
International Relations Colloquium, University of Washington at Seattle (October 2013)
2013 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association
International Relations Colloquium, University of Wisconsin at Madison (April 2013)
International Relations Colloquium, School of Oriental and Asian Studies (February 2013)

“Guerrillas in the Mist: The Use and Misuse of Insurgency in Civil War” (with Page Fortna)

2013 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
2012 Peace Science Association Annual Meeting

“Membership Has its Privileges: The Changing Benefits of Statehood” (with Ryan Griffiths)

2011 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association
2010 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

“The Demise of Peace Treaties in Interstate War”

2011 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association
2009 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“Declaring War and Peace”

Bennett Lecture Series, University of Connecticut (March 2013)
Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law Seminar, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin (March 2012)
Columbia University International Politics Seminar (October 2011)
International Relations Colloquium, Princeton University (November 2010)
Browne Center International Relations Speaker Series, University of Pennsylvania (November 2009)
Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies Seminar, Cornell University (October 2009)
2008 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association

“A Particular Difference: European Identity and Compliance with Jus in Bello” (with Brooke Greene)

2009 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association

Invited Workshops and Institutes (last 10 years)

Book Conference for The Politics of Secret Interventions by Michael Poznansky.
University of Pittsburgh, July 2018

Book Conference for Anchoring Rebellion by Anoop Sarbahi.
University of Minnesota, June 2018

Book Conference for Dilemmas of Delegation by Cosette Creamer.
University of Minnesota. May 2018

The Future of International Responses to Civil Wars and Violence.
Geneva Institute, May 2018

Statehood in the International System
Princeton University, February 2018

Book Conference for The Nuclear Revolution and Foreign Policy by Mark Bell
University of Minnesota, November 2017

Critical Historical and Comparative Perspectives on International Humanitarian Law.
University of Wisconsin-Madison, April 2017

Book Conference for Crippling Leviathan by Melissa M. Lee
Princeton University, January 2017

Author’s Workshop for Working Group on Civil Wars and International Order
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, November 2016

Workshop on Rebel Diplomacy
University of California, Santa Barbara, September 2016

Regional Colloquium on International Law
University of Notre Dame, March 2016

New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology, and War
American Academy of Arts and Sciences and United States Military Academy (West Point), November 2015

The Laws of War as an International Regime
Princeton University, October 2015

Author’s Workshop for Working Group on New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology, and War
American Academy of Arts and Sciences and Stanford University, July 2015

New Directions in the Study of Territory and Political Violence
University of Tennessee, June 2015

Journeys in World Politics (Senior Mentor)
University of Iowa, March 2015

Asymmetric Warfare and the Law of Armed Conflict
Columbia Law School, January 2015

Workshop on New Data on Non-State Actors
Peace Science Society, October 2014

Book Conference for The Peace Puzzle by Gary Goertz, Paul Diehl, and Alexandru Balas
Peace Science Society, October 2014

Book Conference for A Farewell to Arms? by Sarah Daly
University of Notre Dame, March 2014

Book Conference for Compliant Rebels by Hyeran Jo
Texas A&M University, December 2013

History, Method, and the Future of Security Studies
Miller Center, University of Virginia, September 2013

Local Powerbrokers Workshop
Columbia University, Harriman Institute, February 2013

Inter-American Defense College Speaker
Columbia University, Institute for Latin American Studies, September 2012

Academic Exchange Mission to Israel
Yitzhak Rabin Center, Tel Aviv, July 2012

International Policy Summer Institute
American University, June 2012

National Intelligence Council Conference to vet Global Trends 2025 Report
Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs, Texas A&M University, November 2008

Conferences Organized

Book Conference for Wars of Law
October 2014

The Challenges of New Statehood
October 2012

Civil War Data
May 2009 (co-organized with Page Fortna)

The United States and the Laws of War
June 2006

Sovereignty and the New U.S. Imperialism
October 2005 (co-organized with Alexander Cooley, Page Fortna, and Kimberly Marten)                                               

Outreach

Writings

The United States’ Perpetual War in Afghanistan.” Foreign Affairs Snapshot, August 20, 2018. With Sarah Kreps.

A New Korean War Would Kill More US Military Personnel Than You Might Think.” The Monkey Cage, January 8, 2018.

How Norms Die.” Political Violence @ a Glance. March 13, 2017. With Seva Gunitsky.

When it Comes to Drones, do Americans Really Care about International Law?” Open Democracy’s Open Global Rights. September 2, 2015.

The Decline of War?” International Relations and Security Network (ISN). May 8, 2015

Is the Islamic State a Secessionist Movement?” International Relations and Security Network (ISN). February 20, 2015.

Civil War and Ebola.” International Relations and Security Network (ISN). November 18, 2014.

Is War in Decline?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. November 4, 2014.

In Light of Scottish Referendum, What Future for Frustrated Secessionists?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. September 30, 2014. With Ryan Griffiths.

The US Won’t Declare War on ISIS.” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 16, 2014.

The Reports of War’s Demise Have Been Somewhat Exaggerated.” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 8, 2014.

The Reports of War’s Demise Have Been Exaggerated.” The Monkey Cage. September 4, 2014.

Why is Statehood So Popular?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. June 27, 2014. With Ryan Griffiths.

The VA Scandal: One Hypothesis.” Political Violence @ a Glance. June 6, 2014.

The World’s Newest War in the World’s Newest State.” Political Violence @ a Glance. January 6, 2014.

Where Have All the Peace Treaties Gone?” International Peace Institute’s Global Observatory. November 14, 2013.

What Would Happen if the US Declared War?” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 6, 2013.

The Long Road to Statehood.” Political Violence @ a Glance. September 11, 2012.

Atop the Sovereignty Bubble.” Political Violence at a Glance. August 14, 2012. With Bridget Coggins and Ryan Griffiths.

No More Cups of Tea: Terrorism Research and the Law.” The Monkey Cage. August 1, 2012. With Jessica Martini.

Briefings

United Nations, “The Evolution of Armed Groups: Crafting Effective Responses.” November 2017.

United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations. February 2017.

Induction Weekend, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Cambridge, MA. October 2016.

United Nations High Commission on Refugees, World Health Organization, International Committee of the Red Cross and Crentre for Humanitarian Dialogue. Geneva. May 2016.

Podcasts and Multimedia

Why the Afghan war has lasted so long; Rethinking ‘militarized policing’ and more. Defense One Radio, August 24, 2018. Defense One.

Should We Have Mandatory Military Service? America from Scratch Podcast, August 17, 2018. Rewire.org.

Accounting for Death in War: Separating Fact from Fiction. Interview for Royal Holloway, University of London online course. April 2018.

The Living Legacy of WWI: The Politics & Medicine of Treating Post-Traumatic Stress. Carnegie Council Audio Podcast, April 17, 2018. Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs.

State Death, War Declarations, and Battle Deaths: A Conversation with Tanisha Fazal. Politics, Power, and Preventive Action, April 10, 2017. Council on Foreign Relations.

The Modern Nature of Casualties. The Modern War Institute Podcast, September 27, 2016. The Modern War Institute at West Point.

Professional Service

Member, Distinguished Scholar Committee, International Law Section of the International Studies Association (April 2018–present)

Member, Committee on International Security Studies, The American Academy of Arts and Sciences (January 2018–present)

Chair, Best Paper Award Committee, International Law Section of the International Studies Associations (2017)

Nominating Committee, Qualitative and Multimethods Research Section of the American Political Science Association (September 2016–present)

Executive Committee Member, International History and Politics Section, American Political Science Association (Fall 2016–present)

Nominating Committee Member, Qualitative Methods and Multimethod Research Section, American Political Science Association (Fall 2016–present)

Steering Committee, New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology and War, American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2015–2017)

Program Division Co-Chair, 2014 Annual Meeting, International Security Section of the American Political Science Association

Award Committee Member, International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association Best Graduate Paper (2013)

Minority Fellowship Alumna Mentor, American Political Science Association (September 2015–present)

Editorial Board Member, European Journal of International Security, International Organization, Journal of Global Security Studies

Contributing Blogger, Political Violence @ a Glance (August 2012–present)

Referee for American Political Science Review, British Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Comparative Political Studies, Conflict Management and Peace Science, Cornell University Press, European Journal of International Relations, International Interactions, International Organization, International Political Science Review, International Relations, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Journal of Politics, National Science Foundation, Oxford University Press, Review of International Political Economy, Review of International Studies, Security Studies, Terrorism and Political Violence, War in History and World Politics.

Professional Memberships 

American Political Science Association

International Studies Association

Peace Science Society

Council on Foreign Relations Term Member (2003–2009)

Women in International Security

Women in Conflict Studies

Departmental and University Service

University of Minnesota

Faculty Judge, College of Liberal Arts Undergraduate Research Symposium (April 2018)

College of Liberal Arts Dean's Showcase of Faculty Research (March 2018)

Graduate Work Committee (AY 2017–2018)

International Relations Search Committee (Fall 2017)

Chair (Spring 2018)

Keynote Speaker, International Peace Day (invited by University of Minnesota Human Rights Student Association) (2017)

University of Notre Dame

Doctoral Advisory Committee, Kroc Institute (Spring 2017)

Associate Director, Notre Dame International Security Center (formerly Notre Dame International Security Program) (Fall 2014–Spring 2017)

Lead Associate Director (AY 2015–2016)

Keough School Search Committee, Comparative Politics (Fall 2016)

Doctoral Advisory Committee, Political Science (Fall 2016)

Faculty Mentor, Building Bridges Mentoring Program (July 2016–July 2017)

Grand Strategy Search Committee, Kroc Institute (Spring 2016)

International Political Economy Search Committee, Political Science (Fall 2015)

Faculty Convener, Kroc Institute Peace and Conflict Research Group (Fall 2015)

Graduate Policy Committee, Kroc Institute (AY 2015–2016)

Graduate Admissions Committee, Political Science (Spring 2015)

Faculty Advisor, Women in International Security (WIIS) (AY 2014–2015)

Quantitative Methods Search Committee, Political Science (Fall 2013)

Undergraduate Advisory Committee, Kroc Institute (AY 2013-2014)

Columbia University

Admissions Committee (AY 2002–2003, 2004–2005, 2008–2009)

Discussant for Department Mini-APSA (Spring 2003, 2011)

International Relations Search Committee (Fall 2004, Fall 2007)

International Political Economy Search Committee (Fall 2004, Fall 2007)

Dissertation Proposal Review Committee (AY 2004–2005, 2005–2006)

Committee to Develop Undergraduate Scope & Methods Course (Spring 2008)

Co-founder and organizer of Columbia University International Politics Seminar (CUIPS) (Fall 2002–Spring 2013)